What is Gum Disease (Periodontal Disease)?
Gum diseases are grouped based on the seriousness of the disease. The two key phases are gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis is a milder and reversible form of gum disease which only affects the gums. Gingivitis can lead to more serious harmful forms of gum disease called periodontitis.
It's the primary cause of tooth loss today. Anyone at any age is most vulnerable to gum disease. It's caused by plaque. If the plaque isn't removed on a daily basis it will form tartar (also called calculus) which is the breeding ground for the germs which cause gum infection. The main reason you loose teeth is because of this disease attacks the gums as well as the bone which are the foundation in which your teeth rest. Your teeth become loose and eventually drop out since the bone literally melts away from around your teeth.
How does it begin?
Gum disease starts when plaque adheres at and beneath the visible edge of your gums. If plaque is not removed each day by brushing and flossing, it hardens into tartar. Tartar boosts a bacterial infection at the point of attachment. In these early phases, it is called gingivitis.
Your teeth may be a bit red but you might not detect anything. As gingivitis gets more serious, miniature pockets of infection form. Your teeth may be puffy and might bleed a bit when you brush but it is not painful. As time passes, the disease destroys the gum tissue. Eventually, you might be at risk of losing one or more teeth.
What are the symptoms of gum disease?
See your dentist immediately in the Event That You notice any of the following signs:
O gums that bleed when you brush your teeth
O red, swollen or tender gums
O gums that have pulled away from the teeth
O bad breath that does not go away
o pus between your teeth and gums
O loose teeth
O a change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
o a change in the fit of partial dentures
It is possible to have no warning signals. That is 1 reason why regular dental checkups and periodontal examinations are extremely important. Treatment methods depend upon the sort of disease and how far the condition has improved.
Great oral hygiene at home is essential to help prevent gum infection from becoming more severe or recurring. You don't have to lose teeth. Brush, clean between your teeth, eat a balanced diet plan, and schedule regular dental appointments for a lifetime of healthy smiles.
What are some things that increase the risk of developing gum disease?
O Tobacco smoking or tobacco chewing
O Systemic diseases like diabetes
O Some types of medication such as steroids, some types of anti-epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs, some calcium channel blockers and oral contraceptives
O Bridges that no longer fit correctly
O jagged teeth
O Fillings that are very faulty
O Pregnancy or use of oral contraceptives
Can there be a connection between gum disease and other health concerns?
The link between poor oral hygiene and poor overall health is well documented. The mouth is the gateway to the rest of the human body and disease and disease can enter through the mouth. The oral bacteria present in patients can enter into the blood flow. From here the germs can travel throughout the body. Inflammation puts in but the body's immune reaction sometime drops short. These bacterial colonies can cause serious Problems like:
O Weakened immune systems which can impede wound healing and reduce a individual's reaction to hepatitis B and influenza vaccines.
O Lung Infections in people with chronic lung diseases. gum recession
Stroke - a fresh study of fatty deposits lodged in carotid arteries of stroke sufferers demonstrates that 70% include bacteria and 40% of that bacteria comes in the mouth area.
O Heart Disease - Studies have found the incidence of heart disease is about twice as large in people with gum disease. Bacteria get mixed up with blood-clotting cells known as platelets forming a clump that travels through the blood vessels. All these clumps of cells and bacteria